Writing RULES for dissertation

I always messed up with tense while writing, it is not because I have deficiency in English grammar but also I am confused about the selection of ‘tenses’ in various sections. I studied some research methodology books and finally decided to follow :

 

Rule 01 :

  • Use Future tense in proposal ( " A random sample of students will be selected")

Rule 02 :

  • Use PAST tense in literature review ("King (2000) argued that………. Or "subjects were asked………………………")

    unless you are referring a current belief of the researcher ("Slavin (1996) indicates that his comprehensive program ……………………… ")

Rule 03 :

  • Hypothesis and general laws are written in PRESENT tense ("birds fly", "price and demand are inversely related)
  • In the dissertation, use PAST tense for the design or procedure (" the sample was selected").
  • In the dissertation use PRESENT tense to describe and discuss the results that are there before the reader ("suggests that integrated programs ……………………………")

Now my confusions are gone, but still need to update my skill 😉

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